Chosroes I

   Persian king (531-579) whose long reign was a glorious counterpart to Justinian I's (q.v.) reign. He was a reformer, like Justinian I, who revamped the internal administration of his kingdom, made the army (q.v.) more efficient and battle-ready, and patronized scholarly works. Yet it was his wars with Byzantium (q.v.) that overshadowed all else. His first war (527-532) resulted in an "everlasting" peace (requiring annual tribute to Persia [q.v.]) that allowed Justinian I the freedom to pursue his conquest of the West. However, war resumed in 540 when he invaded Syria and captured Antioch (qq.v.). A struggle over Lazika (q.v.) dragged on until a general treaty, pledging peace for 50 years, was signed in 561. Byzantine control over Lazika was confirmed, but there was little else to show for decades of intermittent warfare. War erupted in 572 when Justin II (q.v.) refused tribute to the Persians. The main theater of war was Armenia (q.v.), which Byzantium was unable to retain.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • CHOSROES II — Persarum Rex, throno impositus, A. C. 591. Hormisdam patrem, a subditis in vincula coniectum, benigne frustra tractare conatus, tandem fustibus occidi iussit. Hinc a subditis pulsus, cum equo frenis temere laxatis in aliquam urbem Romanorum… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Chosrŏes — (a. Geogr.), so v. w. Khosroës …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Chosroes — Chosrŏes, parthischer König aus dem Hause der Arsaciden, verlor 116 n. Chr. Mesopotamien und Assyrien an Trajan, erhielt sie aber durch Hadrian wieder zurück. – C., Sassanidenkönige s. Khosrev …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • CHOSROES I — Persarum Rex, patri Cabadi successit, A. C. 532. Post aliquem successum, pacem ἀπέραντον cum Romanis iniit, sed fide trienniô post violatâ, vastavit Mesopotamiam, Syriamque, combussit Antiochiam, idem Apameae facturus, nî Thomae Episcopi… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Chosroes — Chosrau ist ein persischer Name, der von einem legendären iranischen König aus der Avesta namens Kai Chosrau stammt. Übersetzt bedeutet er Mit gutem Ansehen. Andere Varianten sind Husrav, Xusro, Khusro, Khosrau, Khusrau, Khosro oder Khusraw. In… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chosroes II —    Persian king (590 628); the grandson of Chosroes I (q.v.). He inherited a war with Byzantium (q.v.) that was begun in 572 and fought mainly over control of Armenia (q.v.). The war ended in 591 after Maurice (q.v.) intervened in a civil war in… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Chosroes — Khosrô Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Khrosrô (ou Khosraw, Khosro, Khosrou, Khosrov, Khosrow et Osroes), est un prénom d origine persane. Les grecs l écrivaient Chosroès. Plusieurs rois …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chosroes II — Khosro II pièce datant du règne de Khosro II Khosro II ou Khosrow II (parfois appelé Parviz, le « victorieux » (Khosrow se dit Chosroès en grec), était un empereur sassanide, fils de Hormizd IV (579–590), petit fils de Khosro Ier… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • CHOSROËS I —    surnamed the Great, king of Persia from 531 to 579, a wise and beneficent ruler; waged war with the Roman armies successfully for 20 years. CH. II., his grandson, king from 590 to 625; made extensive inroads on the Byzantine empire, but was… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Chosroes III de Armenia — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Chosroes III El Pequeño (o Khosrov III Godag), hijo de Tiridates III, fue miembro de la Dinastía arsácida y el rey de Armenia a partir de 330 339 AD. Fue un hombre de corta estatura, por lo tanto, su nombre. Fundó la …   Wikipedia Español

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